Tag Archives: root

A history of candles

I sell so many Root and Kringle candles every year, I am amazed still at how much Americans take comfort in burning candles.  When did it all start and why are we hooked on our candles?  Take a journey through the past as we see how and when certain cultures used candles.
There is no recorded history of candle making. However, references to lighting candles date back to ancient times as early as 3000 BC in Crete and Egypt. Candles are mentioned in Biblical writings as early as the tenth century BC. A fragment of a candle from the first century AD has been found in Avignon, France.

In the fourth century B.C., candles were developed by the Ancient Egyptians by soaking the pithy core of reeds in molten tallow (animal fat). Called rush lights, they had no wick like a candle.  The early Romans are credited with developing the candle with a wick which was made from papyrus (a tall, aquatic, Mediterranean grass like plant) .

Then in the Middle Ages, beeswax, a substance secreted by honey bees to make their honeycombs, was introduced. Beeswax candles were a marked improvement over those made with tallow since they did not produce a smoky flame or emit an unpleasant odor when burned. Instead, beeswax candles burned pure and clean. However, they were expensive and, therefore, only the wealthy and the church had them.

In fourteenth century England, servants of the Royal household were paid partly in beeswax candles. Through to the reign of George III, the ends of used beeswax candles from the royal palaces were given to the Lord Chancellor as a valuable benefit of his position.

From the sixteenth century onwards, living standards improved as evidenced by the increasing availability of candlesticks and candleholders and their appearance in households. At this time, candles were usually sold by the pound and sold in bundles of eight, ten, or twelve candles. Everyday candles were made of animal fat (tallow), usually from sheep (mutton) or cows. These candles were usually a dark, yellowish color and probably gave off a nasty smell.

Early Chinese and Japanese candles were molded in paper tubes. They were made out of a wax made from an insect known as a “Cocus” and were mixed with seeds from various trees. The wicks were made of rolled-up rice paper.

In India, the use of animal fat in candles was prohibited by religious decree so candles were made from wax skimmed while boiling cinnamon.

Along the Northwest coast of North America the Indians produced light by inserting oily dried smelt into a slit at the end of a stick and lighting it.

In the Shetland Islands ( Scotland) the Stormy Petrel as well as other birds known to have a high content of fat in their bodies were hunted, killed and dried. They then had wicks put down their throats which were lit to produce light.

America ’s Colonial women discovered that boiling the grayish green berries of bayberry bushes produced a sweet-smelling wax that burned clean. However, extracting the wax from the bayberries was extremely tedious.

In 18th century England, candles were taxed and common people were forbidden to make their own. There were two guilds of chandlers, one for tallow chandlers and one for wax chandlers. They were the only ones licensed to produce candles until 1831. At that time the law was repealed.

Also in the 18th century the growth of the whaling industry brought the first major change in candle making since the Middle Ages. It was then that spermaceti, a wax obtained by crystallizing sperm whale oil, became available in quantity. Like beeswax, the spermaceti wax did not elicit a repugnant odor when burned. It was also harder than both tallow and beeswax which meant it did not soften or bend in the summer heat.

It was during the 19th century when most major developments affecting contemporary candle making occurred. In 1834, inventor Joseph Morgan introduced a machine which allowed continuous production of molded candles. A cylinder which featured a movable piston ejected candles as they solidified.

In 1850 the production of the first paraffin wax made from oil and coal shale began. It was made by distilling the residues left after crude petroleum was refined.  Hence the petroleum candles like Yankee Candle that smoke and soot a lot.  I stopped carrying Yankee a few years ago when we found cleaner, better burning candles for our customers to use.

Colors of Easter – Candle centerpiece ideas


Every year as the big holidays like Easter, Christmas and Thanksgiving, people want to create gorgeous centerpieces for family gatherings but are unsure of what colors to use or why.  With Easter in April 8th, I thought it may be a good little discussion for this weekend.  This is by no means a religious post as I feel that many non based faith consumers still reach from traditions they grew up with.  To me holidays are a time to be spent with family, whether it is blood family or the family you choose to surround yourself with like close friends and loves ones.

Let’s chat about colors first.  Purple, pink and white are prominent due to many religious reasons.  Overall Spring seems to bring a time of change and hope of what is to come.


The color I remember used most is deep violet-purple.  Purple is the color of royalty and it the color of the garment that covered Jesus when he was taken to the crucifix. Purple symbolizes he is the son of God who many people believe is the King of all and they believe that with the suffering and death of Jesus the coming resurrection and hope of newness will be celebrated in his Resurrection on Easter Sunday. Purple colors symbolize both the pain and suffering leading up to the crucifixion of Jesus as well as the suffering of humanity and the world under sin.  If you are a church goer, remember those rich purple vestments and robes the priests, minister, pastor or reverend wore.  Also, traditionally, purple is a color of penance.  For example, in the Catholic church use this time to repent for the sins of the world. While Baptists choose to focus on  the symbolism of purple as a royal color, representing the coming of Christ the  King.
If you choose to incorporate purple roses into your centerpiece the purple color is mystical in its nature and the symbolism of purple rose is attached to enchantment and desire. It also symbolizes that it is time to proceed with extra care. In that sense, it can be used as a warning too.


Pink symbolizes the Rose of Sharon in many faith based beliefs.   It symbolizes joy & happiness.  According to Pastor Harold Dinsmore at  LifeWay.com, this candle symbolizes “Jesus Christ being the One who took upon  Himself the penalty for our sins.”

If you are choosing pink roses for your centerpiece,  a pink rose symbolizes femininity, elegance, refinement, and gentility and it also carries other deep meaning, depending on its color hue. While pale pink shades convey grace and admiration, deep shades convey appreciation and gratitude. Pink rose also has seen as the symbol of joyousness and it is called as the rose of sweet thoughts.


White was the color of the robe that Jesus Christ was wearing he was scourged according to legends, historians, or the bible.  The color white symbolizes the hope of the resurrection, as well as the purity and newness that comes from victory over sin and death.   It also symbolizes holiness, virtue, respect & reverence.  White lily, one of the traditional flowers of Easter, is widely used for decorations of home and premises. It is used to adorn the altar at churches as well.

A large white candle is used at liturgy for Roman Catholic, Lutheran and Anglican and is called the Paschal candle.  The term Paschal  comes from the Hebrew word Pesach which means passover.  It signifies the divine pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night that lead the Israelites from slavery in Egypt.  A new Paschal candle one is blessed every year and lit at Easter.  Then it us used all through Paschal season (50 days) and then on special occasion throughout the year like weddings, baptisms and funerals.  The flame of the Paschal candle symbolizes Christ as light of the world and his presence in the midst of his people. The Paschal candle is sometimes referred to as the “Easter candle” or the “Christ candle.”

If choosing white roses to blend into your centerpiece a white rose symbolizes purity, humility, and innocence perfect for the birth of Spring. It is even known as the rose of confession and the rose of servitude. White rose is a symbol of honor and reverence as well, and its arrangements are often utilized as an expression of remembrance.

So, now that you understand why these colors, how do you use them to create centerpieces?  Scaping with candles is one of my customers favorite.  We do fabulous large candle groupings by scaping colors, widths and heights.  Don’t be afraid to think outside the box.  My faithful followers, you see the trend here (THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX).  I have a display in store right now with 3″ pillars in 3″, 6″ and 9″ height all in purple, with splashes of pink and white.  Plus I have added 2″ pillars in pink & purple in both 3″ and 6″ height.  Then add collinettes in all three colors in both 5″ & 7″ height and last. I splashed a few pillars for visual depth.  If you have wee ones, floating around the house after an egg hunt, ask them to go pick you some flowers from the yard and sprinkle them in among the base.

Purple taper candle bundle

Add some hand picked flowers by base!

1>  Try this bundled arrangement in a globe but add some flowers sprigs below from the garden.

2>  Again, add some color around the base with some handpicked flowers from the garden or some bright colorful Easter eggs.

3> Colorful pink & purple flowers would work well with one or two white pillar candles in different heights.

Funny thing is as I finished this and am still working on my Easter display for store, 2 fabulous young gals came in from Chicago to get their purple pillars for Easter.  “Question was, I have two candle holders different heights, what size pillars should I use?”  We talked and she went with two 6″ to give it depth!  I only feature Root candle pillars as they are smokeless, dripless and simply are THE BEST at 16-17 hours an inch.

Have a fabulous weekend!  I will be heading shore diving hopefully before work tomorrow and definitely Monday & Tuesday, but never fear the scarf tips are coming.

Root Candle Pillar Burning tips


Root Pillars are premium, long lasting, dripless candles when burned correctly.  If you want cheap candle, these are too good for you. However, if you are a true candle lover that likes the ambiance created from a burning candle, and wants value for money, these Root pillars are for you.  No nasty black soot to stain your walls or mark your curtains and furniture.   Value for money, they are superior to others out there on the market.

I am always amazed at how many people have never been shown how to burn a pillar correctly. At Scentsations, we have learned that you can’t become the largest retailer and have the best selection of sizes, fragrance and colors without being able to help customers burn candles correctly.  The color palette we offer is always on trend with what is hot with interior decorators but we offer many traditional colors as well.

Did you know you shouldn’t blow your candles out???? Keep reading.

First, we feature several different sizes of Root Candle Pillars.

2″ diameter burn approximately 5 1/2 hours per inch

3″ diameter burn approximately  17 hours per inch

4″   diameter burn approximately 22 hours per inch

With that being said you should always keep your candles away from an air conditioning vent or draft.  Air flow will cause your candles to burn unevenly and drip from the cross draft.  That means away from open windows and doors.

Root Candle’s special design was created specially so the candle burns cleanly, calmer and evenly plus is consumed completely.  No need to put it in a glass jar and call it a perfect pillar like other candle companies.  A perfect pillar should burn all the way down without tunneling and dripping.  Don’t believe others who say  they like the glow through from the shell.  It cracks me up, the things people will say to justify bad candles.  The old adage, “You get what you pay for”  runs true with candles.  If  you buy a candle for $5 from the EVIL EMPIRE, don’t complain when it doesn’t smell, burns awful and drips all over your tables.  Instead, buy good candles from the start.  The pillars from Root Candle glow through fabulously while it is burning.  I use no other pillar candles in my house.  I also like the fact that every one comes in a box so I can store and change scents or colors as I feel like it.

For best results, follow these guidelines below:

1.  Always burn pillars on a holder with protective, non combustible heat resistance surface beneath

2.  For best results, burn the candle on initial lighting for a min of 6 hours, then 3-4 hours at a time thereafter.

This allows heat to accumulate over full diameter of candle ensuring an even burn for life of candle.

I will generally turn my candles 1/4 around per hour on initial lighting to maintain  even pool of wax.

3.  Root designs it’s pillars to form a carbon mantel at tip of wick (mushroom) when the candle burns.

The carbon mantle should only be removed if the flame is smoking. If needed, extinguish candle and trim the wick to 1/4″  Remove any carbon from the wax pool.

4.  For an easy relight, Root recommends extinguishes your wicks by dipping into the pool of wax.  To do this, use the tip of a non-combustible object such as a spoon or wick dipper to gently push the wick into the wax pool.

Once extinguished, use the object to gently straighten and center the wick above wax pool.

5.  When burning pillars near one another, maintain a minimum of 4″ distance between each candle.

6.  All Root pillars feature a self extinguishing wick clip to extinguish the flame at the end of the candles burn life.  For safety reasons approx 3/4″ of candle will remain when candle self extinguishes.

Hope this helps, by the end of today all of Root’s Pillar Candles should be online at our website.

Candle tips


As mentioned before, we feature two candle companies at Scentsations. Root Candles and Kringle Candle, both made in America.  As you can tell from previous posts, we are striving to provide more made in the USA items.

Some general candle tips:

  • Never leave a burning candle unattended
  • Never burn a candle near anything flammable
  • Keep burning candles out of reach of children and pets
  • Store candles in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight
  • Avoid burning your candle in a draft to minimize smoke
  • If your candle is burning unevenly, simply move the extinguished wick to the center with spoon
    handle while the wax is still soft.
  • Although candles may smell like food, they are not edible.  seriously not funny but you would be amazed at how many candles in store I throw away due to teeth marks!
  • Don’t blow your candle jar out.  Extinguish by using a wick dipper or spoon and tipping the flame into the melted wax pool.  This will rehydrate your wick and help for a longer, more even burn.  You will also not have any smoky left in air.
  • Remove all packaging before lighting.
  • Place on a protected, heat-resistant, dry surface, away from anything that can catch fire, and out of reach of children and pets. Use holders designed for the particular candle style.

For added peace of mind, every Root candle wick is carefully designed to self-extinguish. However, it’s important that you trim your wick to 1/4 inch from the top of the candle before each use.   I have to tell you, I have never had to trim a wick.  They make their own cotton wicks which curve slightly when burning.

Root Candles – The Best Candles in America, Made in America Since 1869


At Scentsations, we feature 2 candle lines.   Root Candle and Kringle Candle.  I have carried many candle companies through the years and recently just fazed Yankee Candle out.

This week, I will feature both so you can understand why these two companies, make our cut.  For Root it is quality, variety and value for me!

1.  Honest, integrity, fabulous craftmanship, made in America.

Since 1869, Root Candles of Medina, Ohio, has been an industry-leading, family-owned company renowned for innovative ideas, aesthetic enhancements and the highest standards of quality. Now in its fifth generation, the Root family continues to extol the virtues of honesty, integrity, and diligent craftsmanship. These qualities were exemplified by Root Candles founding father and American original, Amos Ives Root.

His tradition of excellence, along with a genuine commitment to customer satisfaction and service, defines and fuels Root’s strong brand loyalty today. Root Candles devotion to purity, honesty and quality is renowned. Each Root candle is carefully handcrafted using processes mastered through five generations of craftsmanship combined with the latest in manufacturing technologies. The results are pure and simple: Root Candles are highly regarded for complex bouquets of subtle fragrances and sophisticated color palettes, important factors for discerning candle lovers.  Made in America since 1869.

What do you call candles that have been crafted with passion and perfection by the same family for five generations and more than 140 years? What do you call candles that use the purest beeswax, an all-natural color palette and sophisticated, essential oil fragrances? What do you call candles that are consistently flawless, cleaner burning, longer lasting and elegantly designed? What do you call the best candle in America, made in America? If you call them Root Candles… you’d be right.

Votive candles burn for 20 hours for just $2.49 at Scentsations.  We have over 50 fragrances to choose from

Tapers burn a slow… one and a 1/2 hours and inch.

Pillars burn 17 hours an inch without dripping or tunneling.

All natural beeswax and soy plus only the best essential oil fragrances.

Deep, rich blend of essential oils.  many fragrances feature 4 or more oils.  My customers who love Lampe Berger lamps, love these candles.

Textures, size variety and scaping.  It is so easy to mix a few different textures and size tapers, collinettes and even pillars together to make a statement centerpiece.

We have over 25 color choices available for you to decorate and  match with any interior.

3.  Iconic, classic, renaissance and socially responsible.

Did you know that Amos Ives Root was closely connected with the birth of aviation? In 1903, he personally visited and followed the work of Orville & Wilbur Wright. In fact, he was with the Wright brothers the first time they flew in Dayton, Ohio. When he submitted an account of that flight to a leading scientific magazine, he received no acknowledgement. So, in typical “can-do” fashion, A.I. published the article himself in his magazine, Gleanings In Bee Culture. This turned out to be the first published account of the Wright Brothers historic accomplishment.

Did you know that he helped and inspired Helen Keller?  After learning about the advances in educating blind and deaf children and contributing to help that effort, he received a four-page letter from Helen Keller thanking him for his kindness and support. For the rest of their lives, they remained close, personal friends.

For our Merritt Island and Brevard County customers needing a fix and unable to drive to Vero beach, we now have Root candles online at Scentsations-online.com

Welcome to Scentsations- our new blog!


We are so pleased be online finally. Scentsations is located in Vero Beach Florida. As many of you know, we have a store in Brevard County for 17 years which closed the first of the year and is getting ready for a move to a new location.
Scentsations is a unique gift boutique that specializes in home fragrance, different gifts and fabulous fashion accessories like jewelry, handbags, hats, footwear and scarves.
For Home fragrance we carry Root Candle, Kringle Candle and Lampe Berger along with essential oils, incense and glycerine soaps.
Gifts, where do we start? Jim Shore, Precious Moments, Disney, Fenton Art Glass are a few of the heavy hitters plus unique artist sculptures and even special sentiment gifts.
Our Florida living section is growing and is filled with hand tuned wind chimes, Fun signs for the yard, metal sea life sculptures and garden stones. We even carry incense to ward of the bugs!
Jewelry and Handbags is our largest growing in store department. Our discerning customers are not brain washed by mass marketing and word is out. This is hte place to find all those latest fashion trends. Do not pay those silly Vera Bradley prices! We carry handbags nicer and you can get two for the price of what you pay for Vera (plus they aren’t made in China!) Plus we have two handbag lines made in America with more fashion accessories made in America arriving shortly. Daily, we receive new arrivals! Stop by often as we show you what comes in each day!